Periodontial Treatment in Des Moines, IA
Dentistry Built on Relationships, Honesty, and Trust
Des Moines' Choice in Periodontal Treatment for Gum Disease
Advanced gum disease, periodontitis, affects nearly 50 percent of Americans over 30 years old, according to a recent study by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Tooth loss is frequently the unfortunate consequence when left untreated. But now, with numerous effective treatment options available for the advanced periodontal disease, losing teeth do not need to be the next step with an unhealthy gumline.
Scaling and Root Planing (SRP) is the first step in treating gum disease. It is a therapy performed by scraping and removing the plaque from the tooth and root areas. They then smoothen any roughness around the roots to stop bacteria from collecting again. SRP may take more than one visit if required. Dentists may use a local anesthetic to avoid any discomfort. Following SRP procedure, the gums will heal and reattach themselves into your fresh, clean surfaces of their tooth. In a couple of weeks, your dentist will assess your recovery and decide if additional treatment is essential.
If you need additional treatment, the American Academy of Periodontology describes various periodontal surgeries that can help stop the progression of your periodontal disease. Contact Iowa Dental Group today at (515) 277-6358.
What is Periodontitis?
Periodontitis is common but reasonably preventable. The cause is usually poor oral hygiene. Periodontitis can lead to tooth loss. It's a risk factor for heart and lung diseases.
Symptoms include swollen, red, and tender gums. Treatment includes professionally cleaning the pockets around teeth to prevent damage to surrounding bone. Advanced cases may require surgery.
Pocket Depth Reduction
Your bone and gum tissue should fit snugly around your teeth. When you have periodontal disease, this supporting tissue and bone are damaged or destroyed, forming pockets around the teeth.
Over time, these complications worsen, and the pockets become deeper, providing a larger space for bacteria to grow. As bacteria develop around the teeth, they can accumulate and advance. These deep pockets collect even more bacteria, resulting in further bone and tissue loss. If you lose too much bone or tissue the teeth will need extraction.
Periodontal procedures lay the foundation for restorative and cosmetic dentistry and to improve the esthetics of your gum line.
You may have asked your periodontist about procedures to improve your smile because your teeth appear short. Your teeth may be covered with too much gum tissue. To correct this, your periodontist performs crown lengthening.
During this procedure, excess gum and bone tissue are reshaped to expose more of the natural tooth which can be done to one tooth to even your gum line, or to several teeth to expose a natural, broad smile.
Your dentist or periodontist may also recommend crown lengthening to make a restorative or cosmetic dental procedure possible. Perhaps your tooth is decayed, broken below the gum line, or has insufficient tooth structure for a restoration, such as a crown or bridge. Crown lengthening adjusts the gum and bone level to expose more of the tooth.
Soft Tissue Grafts
Periodontal procedures are available to stop further dental problems and gum recession and to improve the esthetics of your gum line.
Exposed tooth roots are the result of gum recession. Perhaps you wish to enhance your smile by covering one or more of these roots that make your teeth appear too long. Or, maybe you're not bothered by the appearance of these areas, but you cringe because the exposed roots are sensitive to hot or cold foods and liquids.
Your gums may have receded for a variety of reasons, including aggressive tooth brushing or periodontal disease. You may not be in control of what caused the recession, but before treatment, your periodontist can help you identify the factors contributing to the problem. Once controlled, a soft tissue graft procedure will repair the defect and help to prevent additional recession and bone loss.
Soft tissue grafts can be used to cover roots or develop gum tissue where absent due to excessive gingival recession. During this procedure, your periodontist takes gum tissue from your palate or another donor source to cover the exposed root which can be done for one tooth or several teeth to even your gum line and reduce sensitivity.
Non-surgical therapy removes plaque and calculus by controlling the growth of harmful bacteria and by treating conditions that encourage gum disease. This type of treatment may be all that's needed. You may also need to have certain procedures, such as replacing worn fillings or crowns with overhanging margins that can accumulate plaque, taken care of before periodontal therapy can begin.
Scaling and Root Planing
Scaling is a type of cleaning that removes plaque and calculus from the teeth at and slightly below the gumline. Root planing smooths root surfaces, so the supportive tissues can better reattach to the tooth surface. Often, this will be done under local anesthesia so you can relax as we rehabilitate your gums.
We may either choose to adjust your bite so that your teeth meet correctly and function better or construct a custom bite guard or splint- a removable device that fits over upper or lower teeth - to protect teeth surfaces and relax tense jaw muscles.
Iowa Dental Group
You place a lot of trust in your dentist, and we will always be honest with you. This philosophy of educating our patients has been the hallmark of why we have been successful for over 30 years.
We have always prided ourselves in offering the highest quality dentistry at a fair and reasonable fee. One that the patient is willing to pay with gratitude and we are willing to accept with gratitude. Our patients are satisfied when treatment is completed or we will continue to strive to meet our own high expectations.
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Our Des Moines' Dentists Bob Margeas DDS & Nicholas Economos are eager to help provide any answers you may have. Contact us today regarding optimal oral health.
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